Speaker: Prof. Arindam Banik delivered a research seminar as part of the “Monthly Seminar Series” on 7th of August, 2014.

Paper Title: Poverty and Earning Compulsions for the family have Pushed Children out of Schools: A Study in Dropouts in Basic Education Level in Tribal Areas of North-East India

The abstract is given below:


Purpose :
In this paper, we examine factors that explain dropout of children from primary schools in Lohit district of Arunachal Pradesh, India.

Design/methodology/approach :
The field survey was carried out in two phases, one, during January to April of 2010 and two, between August to November of 2011. The entire research work is based on stratified random sampling. The population in Lohit district is a set of tribal and non-tribal (mostly general) people. The district has two major tribes-Mishmi and Khampti.

Findings :
We find that children drop out of school is affected by number of factors such as earning compulsions, household works, access to school, school time not suitable and parental unawareness.

Research limitations :
It is imperative to mention here that Â’earning compulsionÂ’ can be described only as a derivative of the major problem of abject poverty.

Practical implications :
By highlighting the role of appropriate intervention as well as incapacitation, we believe that the findings presented above shed light some important factors that explain dropouts.

Social implications :
The evidence provided in this paper underscores the importance of social interactions in analyzing individual outcomes.

Originality/value :
The findings may have significant bearings in reducing dropout rates in India.